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Victims' Symptom : glossary:vicarious-retribution
 
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Vicarious retribution

Lickel B (2006), provided a new framework for understanding one aspect of aggressive conflict between groups, which is referred to as vicarious retribution. Vicarious retribution occurs when a member of a group commits an act of aggression toward the members of an outgroup for an assault or provocation that had no personal consequences for him or her but which did harm a fellow ingroup member. Furthermore, retribution is often directed at outgroup members who, themselves, were not the direct causal agents in the original attack against the person's ingroup. Thus, retribution is vicarious in that neither the agent of retaliation nor the target of retribution were directly involved in the original event that precipitated the intergroup conflict. It is described how ingroup identification, outgroup entitativity, and other variables, such as group power, influence vicarious retribution.

(T.J.)

References:

Lickel B, Miller N, Stenstrom DM, Denson TF, Schmader T. Vicarious retribution: the role of collective blame in intergroup aggression. Pers Soc Psychol Rev. 2006;10(4):372-90.

See also:

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