Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/auth.php on line 154

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/auth.php:154) in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/auth.php on line 244

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/auth.php:154) in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/actions.php on line 131
Victims' Symptom : glossary:trauma
 
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Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function ereg() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 52

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/lib/plugins/explain/syntax.php on line 54

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/victims/victims/public_html/dokuwiki-2007-06-26b/inc/parser/lexer.php on line 510

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Trauma

To understand what trauma is and how it can affect somebody's life, differences between stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ..., crisis, and trauma should be explained. Yeager et al. (2003) gives precise review about these differences. They point out that some individuals find stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... helpful in a way that when under stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... they work more efficently. On the other hand, stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... could be a burden in managing different tasks, with all the physical and emotional consequences. Term crisis, may refer to anyone who is experiencing something that is not going their way. Trauma reactions are significantly different since they are precipitated by a random, sudden, and traumatic event (natural disasters, terrorism and mass murders, violent sexual assaults, etc.) (Roberts, 2000; Roberts, 2002).

Individuals respond to stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... in a different way. Responses are determined by individual’s personality and character, temperament, another existing stressors, protective factors and coping skillsA coping skill is a behavioral tool which may be used by individuals to offset or overcome adversity, disadvantage, or disability without correcting or eliminating the underlying condition ..., adaptability to change, support system, as well as the intensity and duration of the stressor. Therefore, what is simple stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... for one individual may result in the onset of a crisis episode or traumatic reaction for another.(Cocoran, 2000). Cocoran (2000) explaines that psychological trauma refers to human reactions to traumatic stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ..., violent crimes, infectious disease outbreaks, and other dangerous and life-threatening events. Psychological trauma occurs when the individual’s adaptive mechanisms are blocked because of the overexposure to stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... hormones. Persistent hyperarousalThe principal clinical features of PTSD are painful reexperiencing the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousal ... mechanisms reoccur in continuum and they are amplified by traumatic recollections stored in the brain. The victimsIn different sciences the term victim has different meanings. The term is most often use in criminology, religion, psychotherapy and New Age context ... of are constantly in alternation of their mental states from calm and peaceful ones to states of intense anxiety, agitation, anger, hypervigilance, and extreme arousal. (Roberts, 2002).

Psychological trauma can happen soon after witnessing or being the victimIn different sciences the term victim has different meanings. The term is most often use in criminology, religion, psychotherapy and New Age context ... of a traumatic event. It usually occurs in an acute stressStress is not a useful term for scientists because it is such a highly subjective phenomenon that it defies definition. The term is in use from 1936 when Hans Selye defined stress as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change" ... disorder. Many times individuals have a delayed reaction to a traumatic event. Such delay after several weeks or several months usually surfaces in form of symptoms such as avoidanceThe principal clinical features of PTSD are painful reexperiencing of the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousal ... of familiar surroundings, intense fears, sudden breaking of appointments, social isolation, trance-like states, sleep disturbances and repeated nightmares, depressive episodes, and hyperarousalThe principal clinical features of PTSD are painful reexperiencing the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousal ... (Yeager, 2003).

A set of symptoms that develop after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of “an extreme traumatic stressor is called posttraumatic stress disorderPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders that occur after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of an extreme traumatic stressor ...“ (PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders that occur after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of an extreme traumatic stressor ...). According to DSM-IV, PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders that occur after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of an extreme traumatic stressor ... is an acute, chronic, delayed, debilitating, and complex mental disorder. It includes altered awareness, detachment, dissociative states, ego fragmentation, personality changes, paranoid ideation, trigger events, and vivid intrusive traumatic recollections. PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders that occur after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of an extreme traumatic stressor ... is often comorbid with major depression, dysthymia, alcohol or substance abuse, and generalized anxiety disorder. The person reacts to this experience with fear and helplessness, sleep disturbances, hyperarousalThe principal clinical features of PTSD are painful reexperiencing the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousal ... and hypervigilance, persistently reliving the event through flashbacksFlashbacks are spontaneous, transitory recurrences ... and intrusive thoughts, and is unsuccessfully trying to avoid being reminded of it. The symptoms must last for more than a month and must significantly affect important areas of life.

Some stressors are so severe that almost anyone is susceptible for them. Such events are beyond the usual human, everyday experience. Such traumatic events comprise wars, tortureTorture represents the most severe form of trauma perpetrated by one human on another (Silove, 1996) ..., natural disasters, terrorism, rape, assault, or serious accidents.

(T.J.)

References:

  • Roberts, A. R. An overview of crisis theory and crisis intervention. In A. R. Roberts (Ed.), Crisis intervention handbook: Assessment, treatment and research (2nd ed., pp. 3–30). New York: Oxford University Press; 2000.
  • Roberts, A. R. Assessment, crisis intervention and trauma treatment: The integrative ACT intervention model. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 2002; 2(1): 1–21.
  • Cocoran, J., Roberts, A. R. Research on crisis intervention and recommendations for further research. In A. R. Roberts (Ed.), Crisis intervention handbook: Assessment, treatment and research (2nd ed., pp. 453–486). New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC, 2002.

See also:

Victims’ Symptom Website: