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Victims' Symptom : glossary:forgiveness
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Barry et al. (2005): the trait forgiveness is the disposition to forgive interpersonal transgressions over time and across situations. By definition forgiveness is the replacement of negative unforgiving emotions with positive, other-oriented emotions. Rumination may have important role as a mediator between forgivingness and emotional outcomes; but authors (Barry et al) hypothesised that different content of rumination leads to different outcomes after transgressions. In one study forgivingness was negatively correlated with trait anger, hostility, neuroticism, fear, and vengeful rumination and was positively correlated with agreeableness, extraversion, and trait empathyAn individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behaviour of another person ....

Worthington et al. (2005) discuss the importance of forgiveness in healthcare since this is an almost uknown field in research. Now is known that there is psychology of forgiveness, but about the physiology is still little known. Forgiveness is a mark of compassion, love, and caring. Authors point out the importance of personal motive in forgiving, with the notion that altruistic motives have greater benefits than do self-interested motives. Other studies showed an absolute hierarchical status enhanced forgiveness and reconciliation, but in conditions of high procedural justice, but when perceptions of procedural justice were low, there was increased nedd for revengeFrom a developmental perspective, desires for revenge may have important adaptive functions in order to help the patient contain anxieties associated with developmental tasks that have not been mastered ... (Aquino et al, 2006).



  • Worthington EL Jr, Vanoyen Witvliet C, Lerner AJ, Scherer M. Forgiveness in health research and medical practice. Explore (NY). 2005;1(3):169-76
  • Berry JW, Worthington EL Jr, O'Connor LE, Parrott L 3rd, Wade NG. Forgivingness, vengeful rumination, and affective traits. J Pers. 2005;73(1):183-225.

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