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Victims' Symptom : glossary:avoidance
 
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Avoidance

Sadock (2003): “The principal clinical features of PTSDPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the anxiety disorders that occur after a person sees, is involved in, or hears of an extreme traumatic stressor ... are painful reexperiencingReexperiencing means that the traumatic event is persistently reexperienced ... the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousalThe principal clinical features of PTSD are painful reexperiencing the event, a pattern of avoidance and emotional numbing, and fairly constant hyperarousal ....”

According to DSM-IV criteria stimuli associated with the traumaPsychological trauma can happen soon after witnessing or being the victim of a traumatic event ... and numbing of general responsiveness include: 1) efforts to avoid thoughts, feelings, or conversations associated with the traumaPsychological trauma can happen soon after witnessing or being the victim of a traumatic event ...; 2) efforts to avoid activities, places, or people that arouse recollections of the traumaPsychological trauma can happen soon after witnessing or being the victim of a traumatic event ...; 3) inability to recall an important aspect of the traumaPsychological trauma can happen soon after witnessing or being the victim of a traumatic event ...; 4) dimished interest or participation in significant activities; 5) feeling of detachment or estrangement from others; 6) restricted range of affect; 7) sense of foreshortened future.

(T.J.)

References:

  • Sadock, B.J., Sadock, V.A. Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry. Ninth edition, Philadelphia; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA). Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Temporary Revised ed. American Association Press, Washington, DC; 1999.

See also:

Victims’ symptom site: